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瀹為獙瀹よ祫璁綉

娓呭崕鍓牎闀匡細榧撳姳绉戝瀹跺姙浼佷笟鏄妸鍏舵墠鍗庡拰鏅烘収鐢ㄩ敊浜嗗湴鏂?

瀹為獙瀹よ祫璁綉鏃堕棿:2018-10-20 鐐瑰嚮: 娆?/span> 鐧惧害鎼滅储

銆愬璇汇€?/strong>鐜板湪锛屽ぇ澶氭暟姣曚笟鐢熷苟涓嶅湪鎰忎笓涓氬鍙o紝鑰岄€夋嫨鑷富鍒涗笟銆佹垨鑰呰浆鍘婚噾铻嶃€佸挩璇㈣涓氥€傛竻鍗庡ぇ瀛﹀壇鏍¢暱鏂戒竴鍏暀鎺堝湪涓€娆℃紨璁蹭笂鍥為【鑷繁鐨勭粡鍘嗭紝鍙嶆€濆浗鍐呭ぇ瀛︽暀鑲层€傝繖浣嶆憳寰椾粖骞存湭鏉ョ瀛﹀ぇ濂栫敓鍛界瀛﹀鐨勬暀鎺堣涓猴紝鐜板湪鐨勫ぇ瀛︾敓缂哄皯浜嗗鏃朵唬鐨勫叧鍒囷紝瀵瑰浗瀹跺彂灞曞懡杩愮殑鎬濊€冿紝瀵规敼鍙樿繖涓ぞ浼氱殑璐d换锛屾墍......
TAG鏍囩锛?绉戝瀹跺垱涓?/a> 鏂戒竴鍏?/a> 绉戝瀹跺姙浼佷笟
娓呭崕鍓牎闀匡細榧撳姳绉戝瀹跺姙浼佷笟鏄妸鍏舵墠鍗庡拰鏅烘収鐢ㄩ敊浜嗗湴鏂?

浣滆€咃細鏂戒竴鍏?娓呭崕澶у鍓牎闀?/strong>

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濡備粖鎴戜滑鐨?GDP宸茬粡鍏ㄧ悆绗簩锛屼絾鏄湅鎶€鏈潻鏂板拰鍩虹鐮旂┒鐨勫垱鏂拌兘鍔涳紝浣滀负涓€涓浗瀹舵垜浠帓鍦?20鍚嶅紑澶栥€?/span>

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鎴戞兂璇寸殑鏄紝浣犵湅鍒扮殑鎸囨爣鍜岀幇璞★紝杩欐槸缁忔祹瀹炲姏鍐冲畾鐨勶紝涓嶆槸绉戞妧瀹炲姏鍐冲畾鐨勩€傛垜浠崰鐨勬槸浠€涔堜紭鍔匡紝鎴戜滑鍗犵殑鏄粡娴庝綋閲忕殑浼樺娍銆?/span>

鎴戝湪娴峰鐨勬椂鍊欙紝鍙鏈変汉璇存垜鐨勭鍥界殑鍧忚瘽锛屾垜浼氭嫾鍛藉幓浜夎锛屽洜涓烘垜瑙夊緱鎴戝緢鐖卞浗銆?/span>

鍥涙湀浠斤紝鎴戝湪鐟炲吀鐨囧绉戝闄㈠勾浼氫笂棰嗗锛屾櫄瀹存椂锛屼笌涓€浣嶇憺鍏哥殑鐭ュ悕鏁欐巿鑱婂ぉ锛岃皥鍒颁腑鍥界殑绉戞妧鍙戝睍锛屼粬寰堜笉灞戜竴椤撅紝鎴戣寰楀緢濮斿眻銆佸緢鎰ゆ噾锛屼絾鏄垜杞绘弿娣″啓鍦拌浜嗕竴鍙ワ細涓嶇鎬庝箞璇达紝鎴戜滑鍥藉鐧绘湀宸茬粡瀹炵幇浜嗭紝浣犱滑鍦ㄥ摢鍎匡紵浣嗕粬鍥炴暚浜嗕竴鍙ワ紝璁╂垜璇翠笉鍑鸿瘽銆?/span>

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鍦ㄥ浗鍐咃紝鎴戣寰楄嚜宸辨槸涓壒鍒よ€咃紝鍥犱负鎴戝緢闅惧蹇嶆垜浠嚜宸变笉灞呭畨鎬濆嵄銆傛垜浠鍥藉鐨勭鎶€瀹炲姏鍜岀幇鐘跺簲璇ユ湁涓€涓竻閱掔殑璁よ瘑锛屾€庝箞鍙戝睍锛屾€庝箞鍔炰篃瑕佹湁娓呴啋鐨勮璇嗭紝骞跺舰鎴愪竴瀹氱殑鍏辫瘑锛岃€屼笉鏄粎浠呭仠鐣欏湪浜夎鏉ヤ簤璁哄幓鐨勫眰闈€?/span>

娓呭崕鍓牎闀匡細榧撳姳绉戝瀹跺姙浼佷笟鏄妸鍏舵墠鍗庡拰鏅烘収鐢ㄩ敊浜嗗湴鏂?

棣栧厛鎴戞兂璁诧紝澶у鏄牳蹇冦€傛垜鎯宠鐨勭涓€涓鐐瑰氨鏄紝鐮旂┒鍨嬪ぇ瀛︿粠鏉ヤ笉浠ュ氨涓氫负瀵煎悜锛屼粠鏉ヤ笉璇ュ湪澶у閲岃皥灏变笟銆?/span>灏变笟鍙槸涓€涓嚭鍙o紝澶у鍔炲ソ浜嗚嚜鐒朵細灏变笟锛屾€庝箞鑳戒互灏变笟涓虹洰鐨勬潵鍔炲ぇ瀛︺€?/span>

灏变笟鏄竴涓粡娴庨棶棰橈紝涓浗缁忔祹杈惧埌涓€瀹氱▼搴﹀氨浼氭彁渚涘灏戝氨涓氾紝璺熷ぇ瀛︽病鏈夌洿鎺ュ叧绯汇€?/span>

澶у锛屽挨鍏舵槸鐮旂┒鍨嬪ぇ瀛︼紝灏辨槸鍩瑰吇浜烘墠鐨勫湴鏂癸紝鏄煿鍏诲浗瀹舵爧姊佸拰鍥藉棰嗚鐨勫湴鏂广€傝瀛︾敓杩涘幓鍚庡氨鎯冲氨涓氾紝浼氶€犳垚浠€涔堢粨鏋滐紵灏辨槸澶у鎷煎懡寰€鎸i挶澶氱殑棰嗗煙鍘婚捇銆?/span>

娓呭崕 70%鑷?80%鐨勯珮鑰冪姸鍏冨幓鍝効浜嗭紵鍘讳簡缁忔祹绠$悊瀛﹂櫌銆?/span>杩炴垜鏈€濂界殑瀛︾敓锛屾垜鏈€鎯冲煿鍏荤殑瀛︾敓閮藉憡璇夋垜璇达紝鑰佸笀鎴戞兂鍘婚噾铻嶅叕鍙搞€?/span>

涓嶆槸璇撮噾铻嶄笉鑳藉垱鏂帮紝浣嗗綋杩欎釜鍥藉鎵€鏈夌殑绮捐嫳閮芥兂寰€閲戣瀺涓婅浆鐨勬椂鍊欙紝鎴戣涓哄嚭浜嗗ぇ闂銆?/span>

绠$悊瀛﹀湪娓呭崕銆佸湪鍖楀ぇ銆佸湪鏁翠釜涓浗閮藉緢鐑紝杩欐槸杩濊儗鏁欒偛瑙勫緥鐨勪竴浠朵簨鎯呫€備笓绉戝鏍″姙瀛︾殑鐞嗗康锛屾槸鍩瑰吇涓撲笟浜烘墠锛屼负琛屼笟杈撻€佽灪涓濋拤锛屼絾澶у鏄煿鍏诲ぇ瀹朵箣鎵嶏紝鍩瑰吇鍥藉鍚勪釜琛屼笟绮捐嫳鍜岄琚栫殑鍦版柟锛屼笉鑳芥贩娣嗐€?/span>

瀛︿笉浠ヨ嚧鐢ㄣ€備綘浠病鍚敊锛屾垜浠互鍓嶅お寮鸿皟瀛︿互鑷寸敤銆傛垜涓婂ぇ瀛︾殑鏃跺€欓兘瑙夊緱锛屽鏌愪竴闂ㄨ娌′粈涔堢敤锛屽彲浠ヤ笉鐢ㄥ幓涓娿€?strong>鍏跺疄鍦ㄥぇ瀛﹀涔狅紝灏ゅ叾鏄湰绉戠殑瀛︿範锛屼粠鏉ュ氨涓嶆槸涓轰簡鐢ㄣ€?/span>

浣嗚繖骞朵笉鎰忓懗鐫€鐢ㄤ笉涓婏紝鍥犱负浣犳棤娉曢娴嬪皢鏉ワ紝鏃犺鏄瀛﹀彂灞曡繕鏄妧鏈潻鏂帮紝浣犻兘鏄棤娉曢娴嬬殑锛岃繖涓棤娉曢娴嬫案杩滃厛鍙戠敓锛屼綘棰勬祴鍑烘潵灏变笉鍙垱鏂般€?/span>

澶у閲岀殑瀵煎悜鍑轰簡澶ч棶棰橈紝閭d箞鎬庝箞鍔烇紵鍏跺疄寰堢畝鍗曪紝澶у澶氭牱鍖栵紝涓嶈涓€鍒€鍒囷紝涓嶈姣忎釜瀛︽牎閮藉氨涓氬紩瀵硷紝姣忎釜瀛︽牎閮界敤灏变笟杩欎釜鎸囨爣鑰冩牳锛岃繖瀵瑰ぇ瀛︽湁涓ラ噸骞叉壈銆?/span>

鎴戝鍩虹鐮旂┒涔熸湁涓€涓湅娉曘€?strong>鎴戜滑鍥藉闈炲父寮鸿皟鎴愭灉杞寲锛岀幇鍦ㄦ渶甯歌鐨勪竴鍙ヨ瘽灏辨槸“鍔犲己杞寲”銆?/span>浣嗘垜鎯抽棶涓€鍙ワ紝杞寲浠庡摢鍎挎潵锛?/span>

娓呭崕鍓牎闀匡細榧撳姳绉戝瀹跺姙浼佷笟鏄妸鍏舵墠鍗庡拰鏅烘収鐢ㄩ敊浜嗗湴鏂?

鎴戜滑鐨勫ぇ瀛︽槸鍥犱负鏈夊緢澶氶珮鏂版妧鏈病鏈夎浆鍖栨垚鐢熶骇鍔涘憿锛岃繕鏄垜浠牴鏈氨涓嶅瓨鍦ㄨ繖浜涢珮鏂版妧鏈紵鎴戣涓烘槸鍚庤€呫€?strong>鎴戜滑鐨勫ぇ瀛︾幇鍦ㄥ熀纭€鐮旂┒鑳藉姏澶樊锛岃浆鍖栦笉鍑烘潵锛屼笉鏄己涔忚浆鍖栵紝鏄病鏈夊彲浠ヨ浆鍖栫殑涓滆タ銆?/span>

褰撲竴涓ぇ瀛︽暀鎺堟湁浜嗕竴涓垚鏋滐紝鏃犺鏄涔堝熀纭€鐨勫彂鏄庯紝鍙鏈夊簲鐢ㄥ墠鏅拰浜т笟杞寲鐨勫彲鑳斤紝灏变細鏈夎法鍥藉叕鍙歌渹鎷ヨ€屾潵锛屾垜灏辨槸涓緥瀛愩€?/span>

鎴戝崄鍥涗簲骞村墠锛屾湁涓畝鍗曠殑銆佹垜鑷繁閮芥病鎰忚瘑鍒扮殑鍙戠幇锛屽氨琚竴瀹跺叕鍙哥洴涓婁簡锛屼富鍔ㄦ潵鎵炬垜銆傝繖浜涘叕鍙稿氨鍍忛偅浜涚姣掔殑鐙椾竴鏍蜂笉鍋滃湪闂伙紝鍦ㄧ湅锛屽湪鍚紝浠栦滑闈炲父鏁忔劅锛屼笉鍙兘婕忔帀涓€涓湁鎰忎箟鐨勫彂鐜般€?/span>

鍘嬫楠嗛┘鐨勬渶鍚庝竴鏍圭ɑ鑽夋槸浠€涔堝憿锛熸槸榧撳姳绉戝瀹跺垱鍔炰紒涓氥€傚ぇ瀹舵病鍚敊锛屼粖骞村湪浜哄ぇ浼氳鎴戝惉鍒拌繖涓瘽鍚庤寰楀績鎯呭緢娌夐噸銆?/span>

鏈笟鏈変笓鏀伙紝鎴戝彧鎳傛垜鐨勫熀纭€鐮旂┒锛屾噦涓€鐐规暀鑲诧紝浣犺鎴戝幓鍋氱粡钀ョ鐞嗭紝鍔炲叕鍙搞€佸綋鎬昏锛岃繖鏄妸鎴戠殑鎵嶅崕鍜屾櫤鎱х敤鍒颁簡閿欒鐨勫湴鏂广€備汉涓嶅彲鑳戒竴杈瑰仛澶у鏁欐巿锛屼竴杈瑰仛鍏徃鐨勭鐞嗕汉鍛橈紝涓€杈硅繕瑕佺閲戣瀺銆?/span>

鎴戜滑搴旇榧撳姳绉戞妧浜哄憳鎶婃垚鏋滃拰涓撳埄杞缁欎紒涓氾紝浠栦滑鍙互浠ュ挩璇㈢殑鏂瑰紡銆佺瀛﹂【闂殑鏂瑰紡鍙備笌锛屼絾璁╀粬浠嚜宸卞嚭鏉ュ仛浼佷笟灏辨湰鏈€掔疆浜嗐€?/span>

鎴戝彲浠ヤ妇涓緥瀛愶紝Joseph Leonard Goldstein鍥犱负鍙戠幇浜嗚皟鎺ц娑插拰缁嗚優鍐呰儐鍥洪唶浠h阿鐨凩DL鍙椾綋锛岃幏寰?1985骞寸殑璇鸿礉灏斿銆備粬鏄編鍥藉緢澶氬ぇ浼佷笟鐨勫箷鍚庢帶鍒惰€咃紝鍖呮嫭杈夌憺锛岀幇鍦ㄩ潪甯稿瘜鏈夛紝搴旇璇存槸鏈€寮鸿皟杞寲鐨勪竴涓汉銆?/span>

娓呭崕鍓牎闀匡細榧撳姳绉戝瀹跺姙浼佷笟鏄妸鍏舵墠鍗庡拰鏅烘収鐢ㄩ敊浜嗗湴鏂?

Joseph Leonard Goldstein

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娓呭崕鍓牎闀匡細榧撳姳绉戝瀹跺姙浼佷笟鏄妸鍏舵墠鍗庡拰鏅烘収鐢ㄩ敊浜嗗湴鏂?

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娓呭崕鍓牎闀匡細榧撳姳绉戝瀹跺姙浼佷笟鏄妸鍏舵墠鍗庡拰鏅烘収鐢ㄩ敊浜嗗湴鏂?

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